Working up a good sweat in the hot summer is good for humans, but getting over heated can lead to heatstroke in dogs and cats and can be fatal to your pet.
Your pet does not sweat like a human and outdoor temperatures and humidity levels can rise quickly in the Spring and Summer. The normal body temperature for your pet ranges from 99.5 to 102.5 degrees. When your pet gets over heated and thire temperature rises several degrees above normal, your pet risks heat exhaustion. At over 107 degrees heatstroke can cause major permanent damage and can even be fatal.
Heatstroke can cause nervous system problems. Your pet can suffer from cramping, extreme weakness, total collapse or even go into a coma.
An abnormally high body temperature [hyperthermia] starts when increased muscular activity occurs and your pet has impaired ability to cool down due to high heat and high humidity environments. This condition can be avoided by taking the proper precautions to protect your pet.
“If your pet exhibits any of the following signs of heatstroke, treat it as an emergency and bring your pet to our vet clinic immediately,” said Dr. Kevin Adney, veterinarian at Day And Evening Pet Clinic in Palm Harbor, Florida. You can help by using cool water to wet down your pet and providing cool water for your pet to drink if the pet is conscious and their breathing is not impaired.
The Warning Signs Of Heatstroke In Your Pet
1 – Weakness
2 – Rapid Panting
3 – Dizziness
4 – Bright Red Tongue
5 – Vomiting / cramping
6 – Thick, sticky saliva
7 – Diarrhea
8 – Depression
9 – Shock
10 – Coma
Prevention Of Heatstroke In Your Dog or Cat Is Simple
1 – Be aware of outdoor temperatures and monitor / limit your pet’d outdoor activity on very hot, humid days. Make sure there is a shady area available that your pet can rest in.
2 – Limit the time your pet is exposed to direct sun during the hottest part of the day.
3 – Exercise your pet in the early morning or evening at least an hour before or after feeding your pet.
4 – Never leave your pet in a vehicle during the day, even with the windows open. A vehicle can heat up to fatal levels very quickly, and is the most common cause of heatstroke.
5 – Provide plenty of cool water and shade for your pet. Take extra precautions for outdoor dogs and cats.
6 – Allow your pet time to acclimate to warmer temperatures before rigorous exercise, especially if changing from a cooler climate or air conditioning.
Your pet is dependent on you for their care and survival. Take your responsibility seriously, and if you have any concerns, call us at 727-785-7200 and bring your dog or cat to our animal hospital. We welcome your calls and your questions. When your pet is healthy and happy, we are happy.
Have a safe and enjoyable summer!
“Your pets can get sunburned just as easily as you can,” warned Dr. Kevin Adney, veterinarian at Day and Evening Pet Clinic in Palm Harbor, Florida. While it’s great to play with your pets outdoors on a hot summer day, some precautions should be taken to avoid not only sunburns, but heatstroke as well.
White and light colored dogs and cats can get sunburned if they experience too much exposure to the suns UVA and UVB rays. Long term exposure to intense heat and sun can lead to skin irritation, chaffing and more severe skin damage problems like skin cancers. Fair haired pets should be limited in the amount of time they spend directly in the sun. The ears, nose and eyelids are most susceptible to sun damage. There are some pet sunscreens that can help protect the body, nose and ears of your pet.
A summer haircut can help your pet’s body dissipate the heat, but hair that is cut too short can destroy the protection the hair gives from the suns direct rays. Unlike humans, dogs and cats do not regulate their body temperature by sweating.
Never leave your pet unattended in a parked vehicle. Even with the windows open the temperatures inside the vehicle can quickly rise to lethal levels, even in the shade.
Avoid having your pet stand or walk on hot roadways or sidewalks for any length of time. Exercise your pet in the early morning hours before temperatures rise too high, and avoid exercising in hot, humid weather just before or after feeding your pet.
Stay vigilant, and watch for signs of heatstroke like rapid panting, twitching, barking, or a wild-eyed expression.
Cool overheated pets down by pouring water them every 5 to 10 minutes and placing them under the breeze from a fan. Don’t place your pet in a tub of cold water or apply ice packs. Call your veterinarian right away and get your pet to the pet clinic for an exam and treatment.
Call our pet clinic at 727-785-7200 for more information about keeping your pet cool and safe this summer.
“Vaccinations are still the foundation of preventive medicine for dogs and cats,” said Dr. Al Paredes.
Dr. Kevin Adney agrees; “Vaccinating a pet is considered to be a beneficial medical procedure by most veterinarians trained in the science of canine and feline medicine. Vaccinations, in fact, carry very little risk of adverse reactions in your pet. However, as with any medical protocol, the rare instance of an adverse reaction always exists.”
A large majority of the United States’ 90 million cats and 74.8 million dogs make at least a twice-yearly visit to the veterinarian. Those visits often include at least some vaccinations to keep the family pets from suffering from serious infectious diseases. We asked Dr. Al Paredes and Dr. Kevin Adney, Veterinarians in Palm Harbor, Florida about vaccines and protecting pets against the risk of disease.
Pet Vaccinations – How They Work
“Dog and cat vaccines protect your pets against disease by allowing pets to build up a protective immune response before exposure to the disease the vaccine protects against. There are a few different ways which vaccines function,” Dr. Paredes reported. “They typically provide
1) a killed form of the infectious agent which cannot cause the disease, or
2) a tiny portion of the infectious agent which, by itself, cannot cause the disease, or
3) a live, but modified form of the infectious agent which has been custom-made so that it does not produce disease.
All three of these types of vaccines allow the animal to react mildly to the vaccine in such a way that it provides protection to the pet against the actual disease itself. Some vaccines (such as the Bordetella vaccine) can cause mild symptoms of the disease in the pet for a short time, but also produce immunity against a much more serious case of the disease.”
Normal Pet Vaccinations Reactions
Dr. Adney stated, “An overwhelming majority of pets have no ill effects from the vaccinations at all, but it is not a cause for alarm if your pet has mild symptoms after vaccination. Symptoms may include:
lethargy and listlessness for a short time,
very mild fever,
mild swelling or discomfort at the site of the injection.”
Abnormal Pet Vaccinations Reactions
Dr. Richard B. Ford, DVM, MS, DACVIM, DACVPM (Hon) said at the 2008 ACVIM Forum* “Vaccination is, in fact, a medical procedure. Despite a relatively good safety record, there is always some degree of risk in administering biological agents in a dog or cat.”
Dr. Paredes and Dr. Adney concurred, saying, “In rare instances, a pet may suffer from an abnormal, allergic reaction after vaccination. Symptoms that warrant a return trip to the veterinarian pet clinic that administered the vaccine are:
itching or developing a rash or “hives”,
swelling of the face and/or eyelids
the formation of a specific type of tumor, known as a sarcoma (especially in cats.)”
Sarcomas are known to be extremely locally invasive and aggressive in nature. However, vaccination sarcomas are rare. The current estimate of vaccination caused sarcoma is less than 1 in 10,000 cats according to a study published in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association by Drs. GE Moore et al (Vol. 231, 2007).
Good Reasons for Vaccinating Your Pets
Despite the fact that vaccinations can cause adverse reactions in some pets, many of the diseases routinely vaccinated against can, and do, cause serious and life-threatening disease in dogs and cats. Moreover, some of these diseases also pose a serious health risk to people. Protecting family pets against these diseases can also help to protect the pet owner themselves as well as the general public. “In some cases,” Dr. Paredes cautioned, “vaccines are mandated by law, as with vaccination against rabies.”
We offer very reasonably priced vaccination packages for dogs and cats. Call us at 727-785-7200 for pricing or visit our prices and special offers page at http://dayandeveningpetclinic.com/price-list/
Get our special offer discount coupons for vaccinations and spay neuter service at www.spaVet.com
People living in Florida, especially along the coastal areas, usually have a list of things to do and protect during hurricane season. Most important is the contents of a hurricane kit, but equally important is to prepare early for protecting your pets.
“A good practice is to start with,” said Dr. Adney at Day and Evening Pet Hospital, “is by calling our veterinarian clinic to make sure that your dogs’ and cats’ vaccines are up to date. Also, in case of an evacuation order, having a plan for boarding pets that you cannot take with you is essential. We can recommend such a place, as most emergency shelters will not accept pets.”
If an evacuation is called for, never leave your pet at home or in a vehicle alone. Even thunderstorms can traumatize your pet, and the risks of flooding, wind damage, and flying debris can threaten your pets. Like humans, your pets need their own storm preparedness kits. This can include:
1 – A comfortable carrier that will allow your pet to stand up, turn around and lay down for extended periods of time. Mark the carrier with your pet’s name and your contact information. Make sure the carrier is large enough so that being confined to the carrier for a few days is not too uncomfortable for your pet.
2 – A blanket or bed for the bottom of the carrier that is not so thick that it restricts air flow through the vents in the carrier..
3 – Medical records, medicines and other emergency supplies. For more information on this see our article on Handling Pet Emergencies.
4 – Food and water to last several days or a couple of weeks, stored in airtight containers. And dishes for both the food and water. Plastic milkl jugs that have been washed well are perfect for carrying water for your pet, and are easy to mark with your pet’s name.
5 – Collars, leashes and harnesses tagged with your pet’s name and your contact information.
6 – A microchip locator on each pet. We do inexpensive and painless insertions of a microchip at our pet clinic in Palm Harbor, and we are offering a special price for this at our clinic for the next several weeks. Call us at 727-785-7200 for pricing and mention you saw this article on our website blog on the internet.
7 – A favorite toy or chew bone to make your pet feel more at home in their carrier.
8 – A list of hotels/motels that you have called ahead of time to see if they accept pets in carriers in the rooms with hotel guests. Many of the privately owned hotels may make allowances for storm evacuation emergencies if you have a carrier that can confine your pet while in the guest room.
We can’t stop Mother Nature, but we can prepare for her worst by getting ready ahead of time, so when a violent storm does occur we are prepared to handle it and keep ourselves and our pets out of harm’s way. Having your hurricane kit as well as one for each pet will help keep trauma to a minimum and better ensure everyone’s safety.
Fleas are a major concern of pet owners. Dr. Al Paredes, veterinarian at Day And Evening Pet Clinic in Palm Harbor, FL often gets questions about how to remove and prevent flea infestations both in the home and the yard.
Dr. Paredes recently was asked by a reader of his blog, “When you have a moment would you comment about the use of diatomaceous earth as an organic non-pesticide approach to killing fleas in the “back yard”?
Here is what Dr. Paredes had to say. “Diatamaceous earth works to kill fleas by absorbing the lipids of the insect, therefore dehydrating it and causing it to die. Make sure to use the food-grade version as the others may be chemically treated and unhealthy for a pet. According to many websites, it is EPA approved to put into your yard. It is thought that diatamaceous earth only kills adult fleas, so it does not eliminate any other life cycle so you will have to apply is every 20 days or so until your infestation is eliminated.”
This is a very informative website regarding the product: http://wolfcreekranch1.tripod.com/defaq.html
Typically, Dr. Paredes recommends using Borax within the pet’s environment to help eliminate fleas. Diatamaceous earth can be extremely costly and can be difficult to find in smaller quantities.
Fleas are really troublesome. They can not only infest your pet, but they can invade and take over your home. Fleas are pretty easy to spot in your pets’ fur and you can easily notice your pets’ scratching as a sign of their discomfort.
If your dog or cat’s skin becomes red and inflames, it could be a sign that your pet is allergic to fleas’ saliva. Cats can become infected very easily because they swallow about half of the fleas on their coats when they groom themselves.
If your pet has fleas, you can be sure your pet is also experiencing the presence of fleas in its environment; in the home and in the yard. We have safe and effective products to guard your pest and kill and prevent fleas, but you should also be treating your pet’s environment as well. Ask us to suggest safe, effective products for your pets, and ask about any specials we have on those products when you visit.
Give us a call at Day and Evening Pet Clinic at 727-785-7200 if you have questions we can answer for you. We love to help our patients and their owners. Or leave your comment or question below and we’ll be happy to answer it.